A Poetic Analisys of Beatles Songs

Yesterday By The Beatles

Yesterday, all my troubles seemed so far away
Now it looks as though they’re here to stay
Oh, I believe in yesterday

Suddenly I’m not half the man I used to be
There’s a shadow hanging over me
Oh, yesterday came suddenly

Why she had to go
I don’t know, she wouldn’t say
I said something wrong
Now I long for yesterday

Yesterday love was such an easy game to play
Now I need a place to hide away
Oh, I believe in yesterday

Why’d she have to go?
I don’t know, she wouldn’t say
I said something wrong
Now I long for yesterday

Yesterday love was such an easy game to play
Now I need a place to hide away
Oh, I believe in yesterday

The first part of the poem describes how everything leading up from the past has caught up to this person and how yesterday has caused a metaphorical shadow to be cast over him. He feels that a part of him is gone because of yesterday. He wishes for yesterday, because today is nothing like yesterday. Because today has caused problems that yesterday can prevent, today doesn’t have the excitement and joy that yesterday does, today doesn’t bring the happiness that yesterday does. And because yesterday is just a memory, he can only remember yesterday and must live with the disappointment of today.

The second part of the poem describes a love from yesterday. How today, that love vanished and how yesterday’s love seemed so sweet. How yesterday’s love felt like it could last forever, and now that that is gone today brings sadness. Today, that love left when she left. How that part of him that left went with her, how everything left in a blur today, and left no explanation. Now that yesterday’s love has left, he needs a place to hide from today.

The poem is brought together in the chorus. The first two stanzas were not elaborate on the situation, but the feelings of the situation are very clear. It is a very sad tone in which the beginning of the poem is written in, which raises the question of how did those feelings arise? In the final four stanzas, the reason for the feelings are revealed. The tone switches to desperate towards the end of the poem. He is desperate for yesterday’s love. He is desperate for the part of him that left with yesterday. He is desperate for the happiness of yesterday.

In My Life By The Beatles

There are places I remember
All my life though some have changed
Some forever not for better
Some have gone and some remain
All these places have their moments
With lovers and friends I still can recall
Some are dead and some are living
In my life I’ve loved them all

But of all these friends and lovers
There is no one compares with you
And these memories lose their meaning
When I think of love as something new
Though I know I’ll never lose affection
For people and things that went before
I know I’ll often stop and think about them
In my life I love you more

Though I know I’ll never lose affection
For people and things that went before
I know I’ll often stop and think about them
In my life I love you more

In my life I love you more

In the first stanza, someone is recalling old memories, whether it is old places or friends. He talks about places he loves enough to remember. He talks about the joy of the past, and how some of the past has remained the same, and how some of it has changed and left old parts behind. He also talks about the friends he has had throughout the years, the friends that still move on, and the ones that no longer breathe the air of the Earth. He talks about how these places and friends are the things he loves with all his heart.

In the second stanza, he talks about someone he loves more. Someone who makes him lose the memories of the places and people he loves, someone who makes him forget about everything that is happening, someone who always comes to mind when he is thinking about places and people that he loves, someone who he loves the most, more than any cherished place he has visited or any sincere friend he has made.

In the third and fourth stanzas, he repeats that though he will always feel something for the people and places he loves, he loves this person more than anything else, and that when he thinks about anything that he loves, this person will always be loved more by him.

This poem is put together by starting out with things that mean something to the author. Places that have meaning to him, and people that are always there for him. Things that he has loved his whole life. He uses that to say that he loves someone else more than all these other things that he loves. He ends the poem by saying that everything else is forgotten when he thinks about his love for this other person. He uses the beginning to say he loves this person in the end.

Let It Be By The Beatles

When I find myself in times of trouble
Mother Mary comes to me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be
And in my hour of darkness
She is standing right in front of me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be

Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom, let it be

And when the broken-hearted people
Living in the world agree
There will be an answer, let it be
For though they may be parted
There is still a chance that they will see
There will be an answer, let it be

Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Yeah, there will be an answer, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom, let it be

Let it be, let it be
Ah, let it be, yeah, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom, let it be

And when the night is cloudy
There is still a light that shines on me
Shine on until tomorrow, let it be
I wake up to the sound of music,
Mother Mary comes to me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be

The poem can’t be broken into specific parts, in my opinion. The poem as a whole is one big prayer. It is a prayer in the darkness. It is a prayer that everybody will see that there is an answer. It is hope, a chance for the answer to be found, hope that light will shine through the darkness, hope that the prayers of happiness will be heard and answered, hope that people in the dark will hear the whispered words of wisdom, and hope that the shadow in the darkness will help find the light, because that shadow is the key to the answer.

I didn’t break this poem into parts because everything is connected. Every word of this poem plays its part in contributing to the overall meaning of the poem. The first few stanzas have the same outline as the last few stanzas. It is one big prayer, asking for the light in the darkness, the answer to the problems. And if you just let it be, those things will come to you.

The Book Thief Book Report

The Book Thief- A book report by Michael McKenzie

Liesel Meminger- A book thief
Rudy Steiner- A track star
Hans Hubermann- An accordion player
Rosa Hubermann- A foul-mouthed mother
Max Vandenburg- A jew
Ilsa Hermann- A rescuing mother
Frau Hotzapfel- A grieving mother
Death- The narrator
A review
An opinion

The Book Thief by Markus Zusak, is a novel taking place during World War II (1939-45). The narrator of the story is death, which doesn’t make sense at first glance, but it becomes more and more clear why this made sense. It is about a young girl, Liesel Meminger, and her love for books and how they got her through tough times. The novel had a surprising number of noteworthy characters.

Liesel Meminger- A book thief. She lost her brother before moving to a foster home on Himmel Street in Germany. She began stealing books when her brother died on a train and she saw a book titled The Grave Digger’s Handbook. She began reading it with her foster father at night when she would wake up from a recurring nightmare about her brother on the train tracks where she witnessed him die. She then began stealing more books from Ilsa Hermann’s library such as The Whistler, The Dream Carrier, and a German dictionary. During air raid scares, she would read The Whistler in the shelters. She would be the only one to survive the bombing of Himmel Street.

Rudy Steiner- A track star. He was the first kid on Himmel Street to welcome Liesel, and quickly fell in love with her. He would play soccer with her and the other kids, went with Liesel when she would go on a stealing spree, and constantly did things for Liesel in an attempt to get her to kiss him. He had an incident when he was younger when he was caught trying to act like Jesse Owens when he won 4 gold medals during The Olympics. Rudy would win 3 gold medals during the Hitler Youth events, and when he was about to start his 4th event, he was too worn out to compete in the event and withdrew.

Hans Hubermann- An accordion player. He was a war veteran and an excellent accordion player. When Liesel first arrived on Himmel Street, and when she would wake up from her nightmare, he would enter her room and play his accordion. He helped teach her many things, like how to read and roll a cigarette. He helped a jew by hiding “it” in his basement and was called upon to serve in relief efforts of air raid attacks on Germany. He broke his leg during a truck ride to the site of the air raid and was allowed to return home early from the war. Shortly after his return, he died in the bombing.

Rosa Hubermann- A foul-mouthed mother. She was not fond of Liesel upon her arrival. She made her do washing and ironing and often cursed her out for making small mistakes. As time passes, Liesel is given more responsibility by Rosa, but Rosa becomes closer with Liesel. The two really come together with the departure of Hans. She also helped Hans hide a jew in their basement. She made the jew food and helped “it” stay out of danger by keeping him away from Nazi Party members when they inspected the Hubermann’s basement for air raid shelters.

Max Vandenburg- A jew. He appeared at the Hubermann’s looking for somewhere to be safe from the Nazi’s. The Hubermann’s took him in and hid him for a while. He grew a close bond with Liesel over books and nightmares. She first spoke to him about the book he was reading, Mein Kampf. He tore out the pages as he sifted through the book and painted his own story on the back of the pages. He also wrote a short story titled The Word Shaker for Liesel before he left out of guilt of putting the Hubermann’s through so much trouble. He reappeared to Liesel after the bombing on Himmel Street.

Ilsa Hermann- A rescuing mother. She caught Liesel stealing a book from a fire of burning books that were burnt for not having to do with Hitler’s greatness. She welcomed Liesel to her library and let her read various books. She told Liesel some heartbreaking stories about her son and how he died. When the Hermann’s fired Rosa, Liesel lashed out on Ilsa before leaving the library. When Ilsa found out Liesel was stealing books from her library, she laid out a dictionary for Liesel to steal, and when she stole it, Ilsa was shocked. She also survived the bombing, and took Liesel in.

Frau Hotzapfel- A grieving mother. She lost her first son during World War II, and lost her second son to suicide. She heard Liesel reading in the shelter during the first air raid scare, and wanted Liesel to come over to her house every Monday and Friday to read to her. After losing her second son, she would remain in her kitchen during the entire air raid scares.

Death- The narrator. The story is told from the point of view of death. The narrator tells the story different from classic novels people may have read. Death gives away most key plot twists before they happen, giving the story more of a human feel. He describes the moments when he was there and when he wasn’t, because, as he describes it, he was in most places during the time the story was set (1939-45).

The novel was broken up into a prologue, 10 parts, and an epilogue, all of which serve the purpose of compartmentalizing the life of each of the characters. This was helpful in following along with the book, which was of great length and helped to understand the developement of the story altogether.

In the prologue, Liesel and her brother are on a train to Molching to meet their foster parents. During one of the train’s stops, Liesel’s brother dies on the train tracks. While grave diggers carry her brother’s body out, Liesel picks up a book titled The Grave Diggers Handbook, the first book she had stolen.

During part one, Liesel arrives on Himmel Street, where her foster parents lived. She refused to go inside the house, which caused a scene where her foster mother, Rosa Hubermann, cussed out the crowd that had gathered around them. She grew fond of her foster father, Hans Hubermann, more. Hans would come into Liesel’s room and soothe her with his accordion when she would wake up from a nightmare she would have nightly about her brother. After Liesel told him about the stolen book, they began reading that after the nightmare. Liesel also met Rudy, who would become her best friend. Rudy, though, fell in love with her and would constantly ask for a kiss from her. She denied every time.

In part two, Liesel began helping Rosa carry the washing and ironing they did together for other people to those people’s houses. She received 2 books for Christmas, Faust the Dog and The Lighthouse. During Christmas, Hans got into a political argument with his son Hans jr., during which Hans jr. decides to not come back home for any holidays. He eventually joins the German military during WWII. Liesel also stole another book from a fire of books which were burned in honor of Hitler on his birthday. It was titled The Shoulder Shrug.

In part three, Liesel finds out that the mayor’s wife, Ilsa Hermann, had caught Liesel stealing The Shoulder Shrug from the fire. Ilsa invited Liesel to enter her library when Liesel brought over the washing that Rosa had done. Everytime Liesel went over from that point forward she would sit down and read various parts of different books. Liesel and Rudy join a group of kids who steal apples and other fruits from nearby farms and perfect the art of stealing. Then we are introduced to Max Vandenburg. He is a jew who has decided to leave his family and go to safety with the Hubermanns.

In part four, we learn that Max had learned about Hans through his accordion playing. He played with Max’s father during a day of battle during WWI. Max and Liesel slowly become good friends through their love of books. When Max first arrived, he held Mein Kampf in his hand. Liesel asked him about the book, and he said it changed his life. The Hubermanns allowed Max to stay in the basement. Max and Liesel had something in common, they both had nightmares. Max’s was about when he left his family for the Hubermanns. Liesel and Max bonded over their nightmares, where they told each other the visions they had during the night. One day, Liesel found a short story Max had been writing on the back of the pages of Mein Kampf that he would tear out. It was about how he always had a standover man in his life. Whether it was his father or Hitler.

In part five, Ilsa and her husband, the mayor, fire Rosa, and Liesel tells Ilsa off after she offers to still let Liesel come into the library and read. Rudy had a tough time at Hitler Youth because of his leader, Franz Deutscher. He would constantly make him run for even the littlest of things. A short while after Liesel stopped going to the mayor’s library, she went back and stole the book she had been previously reading, The Whistler, with Rudy. In the winter, Rudy saves The Whistler for Liesel when she accidentally drops it into a river.

In part six, the Hubermanns and Max have fun in the basement and build a snowman during the winter. When spring arrives, Max becomes very sick from being in the freezing basement all winter. Max asks Liesel what the sky looks like when he is awake, and she describes it to him, even when he falls asleep for a long time. Liesel brought Max 13 presents while he was asleep and also described the sky to him. During this, Liesel stole another book from the mayor’s library titled The Dream Carrier. She would read it to Max at night, even though he was asleep. When Max woke up, Rosa went to Liesel’s school and made up an accident to tell Liesel that Max had woken up, just as Liesel had asked her to do.

In part seven, Hans gets some jobs as a painter to paint some houses, as the threat of an air raid was increasing. One night, the sirens that indicated that an air raid is coming close went off, and everyone ran to the nearest basement that had been named an air raid shelter. When Liesel was in her nearest air raid shelter, she read parts of The Whistler to the other people in the shelter. One of the women in the shelter that night, Frau Hotzapfel, made an offer that Liesel would come over and read The Whistler to her on Mondays and Fridays and in exchange for her coffee ration. The offer was accepted. During a jewish parade, Hans had thrown a couple pieces of bread to the Jews, and was then beaten for it. Max then disappeared from Himmel Street and left a note for the Hubermanns saying “You’ve done enough.”

In part eight, it is uncovered that Rudy was chosen to be taken to a school for an elite group of German citizens after he had won 3 races at the Hitler Youth carnival. His parents did not let him go. Instead, Alex Steiner, Rudy’s father, accepted the punishment of being drafted into the German Army. Hans was also drafted. Alex was sent to an army hospital outside Vienna, while Hans was given a position on the LSE (Air Raid Special Unit). During one of the Jewish parades, while Liesel had searched to see if Max had been captured, Rudy appeared with six pieces of bread for him and Liesel to throw to the Jews. Once they were caught doing so, they ran away from a soldier running after them. Rosa then gave Liesel Max’s sketchbook which contained a story for Liesel to read when she was ready. It was about word shakers and how powerful Liesel and her words could be.

In part nine, Hans breaks his legs during one of his truck rides to an air raid location and is allowed to return home. When the news came to Rosa and Liesel, they were thrilled. They shared the news with the Steiners, and they were happy as well. But Rudy was a little upset that it had been Hans to return first and not his father, Alex. Hans returned in April and went on for hours about his experiences with the LSE in the kitchen with Rosa and Liesel.

In part ten, Ilsa gave Liesel a little black book with no words in it. Ilsa wanted Liesel to write her own story. Liesel wrote about herself and how she stole books. One night while working on the story in the basement, there was an air raid on Himmel Street. Liesel’s foster parents and most of her close friends died in the bombing. When she saw Rudy, she begged him to wake up. Before his body was taken away, she finally gave him a kiss. Then she saw Rosa and Hans. She first went over to Rosa and recalled the memories she had with her. She then couldn’t bear to look at Hans. Once she worked herself up to do it, she envisioned him standing up and playing the accordion one more time. When he stopped, Liesel went over to him and wept over his shoulder while she hugged him. Liesel left her story titled The Book Thief and it was picked up by death.

In the epilogue, Alex Steiner was allowed to go back home after hearing the news of the bombing. While Liesel was with Alex one day, Max reappeared and reunited with Liesel. This was a surprise since he was a Jew in the concentration camp in WWII. It is not revealed how he survived. It is revealed that Liesel lived a long life, had children and grandchildren, and when she died, death handed her the story she wrote so long ago, The Book Thief.

Personally, I didn’t love the story. I felt that the narrator introduced too many moving parts at the same time. He introduced Max Vandenburg in segments while he is also trying to tell how Liesel stole her second book. There were so many characters and too many storylines to follow at the same time, in my opinion. Maybe if the parts that were told in segments were told at the same time, I would have enjoyed the book more. Though I didn’t love the novel, I didn’t think it was very bad, either. I did learn some important history as it relates to WWII.

My Stance on Reading

Many people like to read, some more than others. People read historical novels, fiction books, short stories and fairy tales. I’ve never been in to reading any of these genres of reading. When I read, I usually read news articles, mainly about sports. When I read, I like to read about present events, not about Neverland.

I’ve always been into sports journalism. My passion is to be a sports broadcaster/journalist after college. I’ll read to keep up with news around sports, whether it is an MLB trade, an NBA free agent signing, or an NFL injury. This topic has always appealed to me. I’ve always appreciated the reporters who go out to get the story and deliver it so well for their readers on a daily basis. When I do read an actual book, I go with the topic of sports. Of course there’s the occasion when a teacher says to bring in a book for when you’re done with the test. 100% of the time I will bring in a sports book, mainly about baseball. Most of them are fiction stories about little league players. But, there is a series about Derek Jeter when he played little league baseball that he writes about, same with Cal Ripken Jr.. For me, when I read about sports, that is what captures my imagination, picturing the scene and placing myself in the story. I can’t do that so easily with other topics.

I haven’t found other books as enjoyable as other people do. I read the first few books in the Diary of a Wimpy Kid series and didn’t thoroughly enjoy it as much as my peers did. The fiction genre doesn’t appeal to me as well when it doesn’t involve sports. I have been able to enjoy the nonfiction genre on certain occasions. Sports, of course, and crime books have interested me. I watch crime investigations on Netflix at times and have found nonfiction books in the subject somewhat appealing. I have thought about going into the field of law as a second career option, but haven’t given any deep thought about practicing law since my focus is with the sporting world. I have always been in love with sports so much that I have been attached to sports when reading most of the time.

I’m not going to tell you to read about sports, or even go with the nonfiction genre most of the time. All I will say is to read about what interests you the most, because that is where you will find yourself captured inside the text, not wanting to put the book down for the slightest second, and in that moment, you will truly be in your happy place.

Depicting the Roberto Clemente Mural

On the south side of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, there is a mural honoring the late Roberto Clemente, one of the most influential figures in not only Pittsburgh sports, but in the city’s history altogether. I am choosing to review this work of art because when thinking about a piece of art to analyze, sports immediately popped into my head. When I tried to think of a piece of art that involved sports, I thought of the larger than life mural that I had seen multiple times while watching Pirates postgame shows.

The mural shows Clemente with a bat on his shoulder, looking into the distance. The only colors used in this mural are black and white, as opposed to the black and yellow we are accustomed to seeing Pirates players wear. This could be to add some nostalgia, as all pictures at the time were in black and white. It was painted on the side of Verdetto’s Sports Bar by Jeremy Raymer. He wanted to paint the mural on a warehouse on the south side of Pittsburgh. He chose Verdetto’s and the owners, Len and Pat Verdetto, agreed, as they were long time fans of the Pirates and had a personal history with Clemente. The couple met Clemente and his wife in the strip disctrict. They had Clemente sign a piece of paper and kept it as a piece of memorabilia. This resonated with me, as I am someone who goes to Pirates games and collects autographs as a piece of memorabilia on a regular basis. When I see the mural, I wish I could have seen him play in person. I wish I could have seen him appear in 2,433 games, the most by a Pirate ever, or collected 240 home runs, drove in 1,305 runs, hit the only walk-off inside-the-park grand slam in MLB history, won 12 gold gloves, which is the tied for the most among outfielders with Willie Mays, won 2 World Series titles, and appeared in 15 All Star games, which earned himself a spot in the Hall of Fame, and also collected his 3,000th and last hit in the last at-bat of his career. .

In the mural, Clemente shows no expression on his face. He could be procrastinating about what he will do next. Whether that is hit a home run into the packed stands at Three Rivers Stadium, or spend some time with friends and family from his native island of Puerto Rico. Most of Clemente’s offseason was spent doing charity work in Puerto Rico. Unfortunately, this lead to his death. Clemente had predicted he would die young, said his widow Vera in a 2002 interview with ESPN. He was on his way to Puerto Rico on a Douglas DC-7 cargo plane on New Year’s Eve in 1972 to help out fellow Puerto Ricans after a devastating earthquake on December 23 of that same year. The plane Clemente was on was doomed for failure. The type of plane had a history of mechanical problems and the plane was short staffed (missing a copilot and flight engineer). The plane crashed in the Atlantic ocean and Clemente died. He was 38 years old. His charity work left a lasting impact on the organization. When Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, the Pirates sent many supplies down to the islands of Puerto Rico, as it held its place in the organizations heart. They were there for 7 days giving out supplies to help the suffering Puerto Ricans get back on their feet. This shows what an impact Clemente left on the Pirates and  this is surely something for which he would have contributed. And being someone who doesn’t like to watch the devastating news stories, I was enlightened to see that Clemente’s charity work in the 60s to early 70s brought the Pirates out to help the relief efforts.

So if you ever pass on by Verdetto’s Sports Bar, take the time to appreciate the mural of the man who gave everything he had to the game and to Puerto Rico, the island he called home.


Many people, including myself, may write for an audience. I may write an essay for a teacher or podcast for a few sports fans, but I don’t do it completely for myself. I do it partly for others. When podcasting or maintaining a blog, this is not the way to go about it. By doing it for yourself, the audience will ultimately enjoy it more.

Maria Popova goes on a podcast and says that “when you start to think of your writing as content, you’ve altered the motive, you’ve lost meaning.” Not many people will produce content for their own pleasure. Content is for other people’s pleasure. This is the disconnection between writing for yourself or writing for your audience. She also refers to Vonnegut’s 7th tip of writing, which is to write for one person. That person is not a publisher or crush you may have. That one person is you. Your work not only becomes more meaningful to you if you take this stance when writing, it also becomes a better work in general.
If you create a podcast, for example, and you don’t want to make the next episode, but you feel your audience NEEDS this next episode and you do it, it might not seem as good as the other episodes. It might seem dull and lackluster compared to other upbeat episodes because the motive for producing it is lacking enthusiasm.

When you write or podcast for yourself, the work becomes more thought out. You may get more statistics or facts for a podcast or write in deeper detail when doing a work for yourself. When I want to podcast, I will dig deeper to find facts and present more ideas from my viewpoint. Authors that want to write for their own pleasure may get into more detail, whether that detail is gruesome and makes you flinch just by reading, or by building suspense, leaving you on the edge of your seat.

This topic really jumped out at me because I could make a connection with this. I do a podcast every now and then. Sometimes I do it because I want to podcast. Other times, I do it out of guilt for not uploading a podcast at the time I should have. When I do that, I don’t feel as the podcast is as good as it should be. After listening to Popova, I realize that uploading a podcast inconsistently, but out of pleasure, makes it better than uploading the podcast consistently, even if the episode is not as well done as the others.

So if there’s one thing people should know when starting a podcast, or one tip students should take to make their writing better, it is to write for yourself. These links will take you to a couple of my podcast. You may notice the first one is better than the second, as I had planned the first one more, and rushed to get the second one done because I had felt that my upload schedule required it. This is a prime example of why you should write for yourself.